Economic impact payments for Individuals

U.S. Department of Treasury and Internal Revenue Service

U.S. CITIzens and residents
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The CARES Act Tax Rebate includes relief in the form of a one-time cash payment given to working-class individuals that fall within certain income limits. The cash payments are based on either 2018 or 2019 tax filings.

Benefits

  • Most individuals earning less than $75,000 can expect a one-time cash payment of $1,200
  • Married couples would each receive a $1,200 check and families would get $500 per child. For example, a family of four earning less than $150,000 can expect $3,400
  • Taxpayers filing as a head of household will get the full payment if they earned $112,500 or less
  • Most people will get their payments within three weeks
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Eligibility

  • All U.S. residents with adjusted gross incomes up to $75,000 or $150,000 if married, and who are not listed as a dependent of another taxpayer, and have a work-eligible social security number, are eligible for the full payment amount of $1,200 or $2,400 if married
  • Families are eligible for an additional $500 per child. This is true even for those who have no income, as well as those whose income comes entirely from non-taxable means-tested benefit programs, such as Supplemental Security Income benefits
  • The payment amount will be reduced for individuals earning between $75,000 and $99,000 or married couples filing jointly earning between $150,000 and $198,000
  • No payment will be issued for single filers with incomes exceeding $99,000, $146,500 for head of household filers with one child, and $198,000 for joint filers with no children
  • People who did not file a tax return and made less than $12,200 ($24,400 married), or were not required to submit a tax return in 2018 or 2019 can still qualify for support. They will need to provide payment information here so the IRS can determine eligibility and payment amount
  • People who receive Social Security benefits but don’t file tax returns are still eligible. They don’t need to file taxes; checks will be based on information provided by the Social Security Administration
  • No payments will be issued for college students who have been claimed as a dependent on any tax returns
  • Workers who are able to work from home, and those receiving paid sick leave or paid family leave are not covered
  • New entrants to the workforce who cannot find jobs are also ineligible
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Application

  • No application is required
  • For the vast majority of Americans, no action on their part will be required in order to receive a rebate check as the IRS will use a taxpayer’s 2018 or 2019 tax return if filed
  • If a resident registered a direct deposit account with the IRS when they filed their taxes, the money will be directly deposited to the account provided, otherwise a paper check will be mailed
  • Initial payments are expected to be distributed by April 17, 2020. Individuals will get a paper notice in the mail no later than three weeks after the payment has been disbursed. The notice will contain information about when and where the payment was sent. If the individual believes the payment was misdirected, they can contact the IRS using the information provided on the notice
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